West Virginia Law: Selling Structured Settlement Payments

If you are considering selling your future structured settlement payments for an immediate lump sum in West Virginia, it's important to understand the laws surrounding this type of transfer. In addition to federal law, 49 states have their own laws that govern the process of transferring the rights of a structured settlement annuity.

West Virginia Structured Settlement LawWest Virginia Structured Settlement Law

In West Virginia, the law surrounding the transfer of rights to future structured settlement payments is Article 6H. Transfers of Right to Receive Future Payments.

After a hearing or upon its own motion, the court may approve the transfer if the court finds that:

(1) The consumer has clearly demonstrated that:

(A) He or she, or his or her family is facing a financial hardship that the transfer would alleviate and that the transfer would not subject the consumer or the consumer's family to undue financial hardship in the future; or

(B) the transfer is in the best interest of the consumer: Provided, That the judge shall inquire of the guardian ad litem and the transferee as to possible adverse tax consequence to the consumer and inform the consumer of the result of said inquiry;

(2) The transferee is in compliance with the provisions of section two [§ 46A-6H-2] of this article; and

(3) The transfer agreement does not contravene the terms of the structured settlement agreement, including any restrictions on the right of the consumer to transfer his or her structured settlement payment rights, unless the annuity issuer and structured settlement obligor have consented to the transfer. However, the approval of the annuity issuer and the structured settlement obligor shall not be required if, at the time the consumer and the transferee entered into the transfer agreement, a favorable tax determination was in effect.

Click here to read the full West Virginia law.  

Federal Structured Settlement Law

To sell your future structured settlement payments, you'll need to comply with both state and federal law. These laws are in place to protect you.

In 2001, Congress enacted the Victims of Terrorism Relief Act, which includes a provision relating to structured settlement factoring transactions (26 U.S. Code § 5891). This provision imposes a high excise tax on structured settlement factoring transactions unless the transactions are “approved in advance in a qualified order.” The Act defines a qualified order, and it requires that the order be issued “under the authority of an applicable State statute by an applicable State Court.”  Since then, 49 states and the District of Columbia have enacted state statutes setting for the procedures for court approval of structured settlement factoring transactions.

Qualified order. --For purposes of this section, the term “qualified order” means a final order, judgment, or decree which--

(A)  finds that the transfer described in paragraph (1)--

(i)  does not contravene any Federal or State statute or the order of any court or responsible administrative authority, and

(ii)  is in the best interest of the payee, taking into account the welfare and support of the payee's dependents, and

(B)  is issued--

(i)  under the authority of an applicable State statute by an applicable State court, or

(ii)  by the responsible administrative authority (if any) which has exclusive jurisdiction over the underlying action or proceeding which was resolved by means of the structured settlement.

26 U.S. Code § 5891 also offers some helpful definitions and other rules for selling structured settlement rights. Read the full law here.

We have a few articles that might be helpful if you are considering selling your structured settlement payments:

Transferring the rights to your future payments is permanent, and it's not the best choice for everyone. We encourage you to speak with a financial expert about your asset and to weigh all your options if you are in need of immediate cash.

CrowFly is committed to creating a positive experience that is built on trust, accessibility, and transparency for people who have structured settlements. For more information, contact CrowFly at 833-CROWFLY, email info@crowfly.com, or get started with a structured settlement quote.